Apologetics Class 1/28/2018

Although I’ve been having the Apologetics class at Church this year, I’ve not been posting the content.  This year, I’m not teaching, but rather showing videos and facilitating discussion afterwards.  Here are the videos from yesterday’s class:

First, “The Fine Tuning of the Universe”:

Second, “Evolution vs. God” movie:

Here is the note-taking form with discussion questions at the end:

Fine Tuning of the Universe and Evolution vs. God (1/28/2018)

The Fine Tuning of the Universe (Reasonable Faith)

  1. The fundamental c________ and quantities establish the structure and function of the universe.
  2. If any one of these numbers were altered, by even a hair’s breadth, no physical, interactive life of any kind could e___________ anywhere.
  3. Gravity – if the gravitational constant varied by just 1 in 1060 parts none of us would exist
  4. For comparison: # of cells in your body=1014, # of seconds ticked by so far = 1020
  5. Expansion rate of the universe – driven by c______________ constant. If it changed by 1 part in 10120 would cause the universe to expand too rapidly or too slowly. In either case, the universe would be “life prohibiting”.
  6. “Wherever physicists look, they see examples of fine tuning” – Sir Martin Rees
  7. “The remarkable fact is that the values of these numbers seem to have been very finely adjusted to make possible the d______________ of l________” – Stephen Hawking
  8. “If anyone claims not to be surprised by the special features the universe has, he is hiding his head in the sand. These special features are surprising and unlikely.” – David Deutsch
  9. Best explanation? The fine tuning is due to either:
    1. N______________: the universe MUST be life permitting. But there’s no reason or evidence to suggest that fine tuning is necessary.
    2. C___________: Did we just get really lucky? The probabilities involved are so ridiculously remote as to put the fine tuning well beyond the reach of chance.  So, they postulate a “Multiverse” (a universe generator).  But no scientific evidence for this.
    3. D_____________: Given the implausibility of necessity or chance, the best explanation for why the universe is fine-tuned is design.
  10. “A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a s__________________ has monkeyed with physics … and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature. The numbers one calculates from the facts seem to me so overwhelming as to put this conclusion almost beyond question.” – Fred Hoyle
  11. “There is for me powerful evidence that there is something going on behind it all … it seems as though somebody has fine-tuned nature’s numbers to make the universe. The impression of d__________________ is overwhelming.” – Paul Davies

Evolution vs. God (Ray Comfort)

  1. A scientific method is based on “the collection of data through o_______________ and e____________________” – Science Daily
  2. Ray (Comfort) asks believers in evolution, “Can you think of any o___________ e_____________ for Darwinian evolution?”, but they respond with speculation about the distant past.
  3. Girl says monkeys are the only ones that have a 5th digit like us, but Ray responds that Koalas have a 5th digit as well.
  4. Ray asks, “Did we have l___________ or g__________ when we came out of the sea?”
  5. Believer in evolution says “Faith is something that-u___________-I have to believe it”. Ray asks, “Do you believe evolution?” Person responds yes.  Ray asks, “Is evolution a belief?”
  6. Believer in evolution cites f_____________ on the Galapagos Islands. Ray asks, “What do the finches become?”  Of course, the answer is still “finches”, still birds – no change of kinds.  Ray says, “That’s called ‘a________________’ – it’s not Darwinian evolution.
  7. Believer in evolution admits that he can’t think of any observable evidence for evolution. Ray asks, “Well, how do you know it’s t_________?”  He replies, “I’m not sure.”
  8. Ray says, “It’s [evolution] unobservable, because you need millions of years.”
  9. Ray asks if they think creation is “intelligently designed”. They say no.  So, he asks them to make a r_____________.
  10. Professor says, “Why do you think no one is teaching intelligent design at UCLA?” Ray replies, “Because you’re not a______________ to.”
  11. Relative morality: Ray asks professor, “Is rape wrong?” He replies, “It is wrong in our culture.” Ray challenges, “Is rape a___________ wrong?”
  12. Ray asks, “Who makes the r______________?” Professor replies, “We do.” Ray asks, “So, if Hitler made the rules and he had the majority…?”
  13. “I don’t believe in blaspheming, since I don’t believe in God. So, if you don’t believe in God, how can you blaspheme?” Ray replies, “Well, if I don’t believe in certain laws and still violate them, ignorance of the law is no e__________.  So, we’re still guilty even though we deny a law exists”
  14. Ray says, “Not believing in h________ doesn’t make it go away”.
  15. Ray says, “You know that creation is proof of a Creator…the reason you choose evolution is because it gets rid of m________________ accountability”.
  16. Ray asks, “How old are you?” She replies, “22. “ He says, “When are you going to die?” Her: “I have no idea.” Ray, “Well God knows exactly the moment of your d_____________. It could be tonight, it could be tomorrow.  I’m not using scare tactics, this is just straight reality.  150,000 people every 24 hours die, and all making plans for next week, no doubt.”

Discussion Questions

Fine Tuning

  1. What is the argument from the fine tuning of the universe?
  2. What are the 3 possible explanations for the fine tuning of the universe?
  3. If scientists acknowledge the “appearance” of design in the universe and life, why don’t they believe in a “Creator God”?
  4. What is the “multiverse”? Why has this theory been proposed?  Is it a scientific theory?

Evolution vs. God

  1. What did Ray Comfort mean when he asked people for observable evidence for Darwinian evolution? Were the people he interviewed able to provide any such observable evidence?
  2. What is the difference between adaptation and Darwinian evolution?
  3. Are finches on the Galapagos Islands a good example of Darwinian evolution? Why or why not?
  4. Are bacteria a good example of Darwinian evolution? Why or why not?
  5. In what way did the people interviewed exhibit blind faith?
  6. Why are universities and high schools prohibited from teaching intelligent design as an alternative to Darwinian evolution?
  7. What is the difference between absolute morality and relative morality?
  8. How many people die every day? Why is that important?
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mid-week apologetics booster (1-25-2018)

Good morning friends,

Here are your weekly links:

  1. Atheist Computer Scientist Becomes Theologian Because Of Evidence | Reasons for Jesus: http://reasonsforjesus.com/atheist-computer-scientist-becomes-theologian-because-of-evidence/
  2. Ravi Zachariah sharing gospel with Hindus – YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6yqfMFSLME
  3. How to Defend the Christian Faith: Four Principles to Get Started Park Community Church: https://parkcommunity.church/blog/2018/1/16/how-to-defend-the-christian-faith-four-principles-to-get-started
  4. Confusion over moon origins – creation.com: https://creation.com/confusion-over-moon-origins
  5. How to Become a Better Apologetics Communicator – Sean McDowell: http://seanmcdowell.org/blog/how-to-become-a-better-apologetics-communicator
  6. Why Belief in God is a Rational Position Straight Talk with Claudia K: http://straighttalkwithclaudiak.com/why-belief-in-god-is-a-rational-position/
  7. The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity? | Stand to Reason: https://www.str.org/articles/the-real-murderers-atheism-or-christianity#.WmSJ4KinGUk
  8. Core Christianity | 7 Simple Ways to Share Your Faith with Others: https://corechristianity.com/resource-library/articles/7-simple-ways-to-share-your-faith-with-others
  9. Brody File: Trump Gets A+ on ‘Evangelical Report Card’ for His First Year | CBN News.  Normally I don’t send “political” posts, but this seems to have relevance to us as evangelicals, whether you support or oppose Trump: http://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/us/2018/january/brody-file-trump-gets-a-on-evangelical-report-card-in-his-first-year
  10. Core Christianity | Our Faith is Historically Verifiable Or It’s Nothing: https://corechristianity.com/resource-library/articles/our-faith-is-historically-verifiable-or-its-nothing
  11. Melinda Is Showing Signs of Progress | Stand to Reason: https://www.str.org/blog/melinda-showing-signs-progress#.WmcjEKinGUk
  12. God is a Genocidal, Immoral, Murderer Exe-Jesus: http://exejesus.com/god-is-a-genocidal-immoral-murderer/
  13. What is the fine-tuning argument for Gods existence, and does the multiverse counter it? | WINTERY KNIGHT: https://winteryknight.com/2018/01/17/what-is-the-fine-tuning-argument-for-gods-existence-and-does-the-multiverse-counter-it/
  14. Lobster eye design – creation.com: https://creation.com/lobster-eye-design
  15. Does God Exist? Big Bang Evidence for God – Cross Examined – Christian Apologetic Ministry | Frank Turek : http://crossexamined.org/does-god-exist/#toggle-id-4
  16. The Kalaam Cosmological Argument: Short, Sweet, and Stout PastorBrianChilton.wordpress.com: https://pastorbrianchilton.wordpress.com/2013/09/27/the-kalaam-cosmological-argument-short-sweet-and-stout/
  17. The [Mormon] missionary surge is officially a bust… | Recovery from Mormonism: http://exmormon.org/d6/drupal/Mormon-missionary-surge-is-a-bust
  18. Why is Christianity true over and above all other religions? 1 Peter 4:12-16: https://1peter41216.wordpress.com/2017/03/31/why-is-christianity-true-over-and-above-all-other-religions/
  19. 5 Regrets You Don’t Want to Have If Your Kids Walk Away from Faith: http://christianmomthoughts.com/5-regrets-you-dont-want-to-have-if-your-kids-walk-away-from-faith/

Better a patient man than a warrior, a man who controls his temper than one who takes a city. Proverbs 16:32

Blessings to you all

Annihilationism

I found a YouTube video on a critique of William Lane Craig’s (WLC) response to a question about hell.  The speaker is Glenn Peoples.  Here is the video:

 

I am not an annihilationist and I do have interest in WLC, so I watched the video and took some notes on the views presented therein.

The speaker misquotes a verse reference early on:

I think he meant to put 2 Thessalonians 1:9.  Even so, I can’t find any translation with exactly that wording shown.  As the speaker correctly mentions in the video, all of them that I can find mention destruction, not exclusion.  But the destruction is “away from the presence of the Lord”, so I would ask how someone could be annihilated (put out of existence), but still be located “away” from anything.  The speaker says

what they’re actually recalling is simply their own understanding of the doctrine of hell – and not a passage of Scripture at all.

I would definitely take issue with that. The 2 Thessalonians 1:9 talks about “punishment” and of course Jesus talks about conscious punishment (Matt. 25:46).

Since the guy made a point about the 2 Thessalonians 1 passage, I looked up the Greek on it.  Here is the interlinear page for 2 Thessalonians 1:9 in the most literal English translation (NASB):

https://www.biblestudytools.com/interlinear-bible/passage/?q=2+thessalonians+1:9&t=nas

Notice that the word ‘away’ is in the Greek (he seemed to suggest that it is not in the original language). Here is the information about this word in the Greek:

The definition of away (Apo) seems to allow for physical separation of one thing from another.  Additionally, I don’t think that the language of destruction in this verse must be understood as annihilation as he was suggesting.  Again, if you look at the Greek word for destruction (Olethros), it can also mean ruin.  Like some kids who have the annoying habit of “destroying” pumpkins on Halloween by smashing them on the streets – unfortunately they don’t cease to exist, but rather litter our streets and are no longer fulfilling the purpose they were made for.

The speaker says (4:49) “The reality, is that Scripture nowhere speaks about hell or Divine judgment as something that locks them up somewhere to be miserable with their bad self”.  Here is the graphic he presents:

It is interesting that he doesn’t mention Revelation at all in here.  For example Revelation 14:9-13 (NASB).  The first part of this passage talks about the people who worship the beast, his image and receive the mark of his name.  These will be tormented and have no rest day and night…  The second part talks about the believers:

Then another angel, a third one, followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, he also will drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is mixed in full strength in the cup of His anger ; and he will be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.  “And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever ; they have no rest day and night, those who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.” Here is the perseverance of the saints who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus. And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, “Write, ‘ Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on!’ ” “Yes ,” says the Spirit, “so that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow with them.”

Now, we can try to understand if this passage covers all people (all believers and all unbelievers), or whether those who worship the beast are in some special class of unbelievers, but it seems clear from the above that there is in fact a place of eternal torment for someone…

He also conveniently skips Matt. 25:46, where hell is referred to as eternal punishment and heaven as eternal life – both using the same Greek word for ‘eternal’ (Aionios) in the same verse.

I think he made a decent point about WLC’s argument, where, if we understand hell as a person being left with their “bad selves”, then it doesn’t follow that Jesus “stood in our place” for that specific definition of hell.  However, he neglects to mention that if we understand hell in the sense of Matt. 25:46 or Revelation 14:9-11, then Jesus was punished in our place and took the wrath of God upon Himself, which would’ve been ours to endure.

I will admit that some passages he cites seem to suggest “annihilation” (e.g. Heb. 10:27), however, Jesus warned people about going to hell (e.g. Luke 12:4-5, Matt. 18:8-9, Matt. 25:46).  And if we’re going to warn people about going to hell, like Jesus did, we shouldn’t warn them about the “lesser” version of hell (annihilation), but rather of the more severe/scary version of hell (eternal conscious punishment).  I would hate for a person I’ve witnessed to to walk away thinking that if I don’t go to heaven, I’ll just be annihilated out of existence.  That doesn’t sound too bad… Then after death, they find out that they’re being cast into hell where the worm doesn’t die and the fire is not quenched (Mark 9:47-48). And they wonder, why didn’t he tell me that this was my fate if I didn’t accept the free pardon of Jesus?  I would’ve made a different decision!

If you’re a believer in the doctrine of annihilationism, I’m probably not going to convince you of my view, though hopefully you’ll acknowledge the validity of some points.  Likewise, you’ll probably not convince me of your view, having read many writings about annihilationism and viewed this video, but again, I acknowledge that when the Bible talks about hell, it is not unanimously clear that it will involve eternal conscious punishment (ECP).  As I stated above, if I’m going to communicate with a non-believer on this topic, I would like to communicate the worst case scenario to them (ECP), rather than softening the blow to annihilationism.  If I’m wrong and they get annihilated out of existence after death, they won’t even exist to be able to reflect on the fact that misled them by overstating the consequences for rejecting Christ.  However, if I’m right that hell is ECP, then they’ll be conscious and will know that I warned them in a truthful way.

Hopefully, I’ve handled this in a fair manner, not overstating my case and communicating that my claims are provisional in nature.

Apologetics Class 1/21/2018

In the Apologetics Class this week, we watched a short video containing snippets of the “Best Atheist Arguments”:

Then, after watching this, I played the video and stopped after each speaker’s snippet was complete and I asked the students to take 5 minutes on their own and fill out the form:

Best Atheist Arguments – Let’s Practice Our Responses!

  1. George Carlin Comedian
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Christopher Hitchens writer/critic:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  3. Sam Harris Philosopher, neuroscientist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  4. Rickard Dawkins Evolutionary Biologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  5. Ricky Gervais actor/writer:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  6. Neil D Tyson Astrophysicist, cosmologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  7. Peter Atkins Chemist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  8. Steven Weinberg Theoretical Physicist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  9. Laurence Krauss Theoretical Physicist, cosmologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  10. Sean Carrol cosmologist, Physics professor:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  11. Matt Dillahunty Public speaker:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  12. Michael Shermer Science writer, historian of science:
    1. Boil down the objections: ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    2. How would you answer? ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

It was a good and interactive class.  I prefaced this class in my introductory remarks by saying that I normally deliver content that builds up your faith and increases your confidence that Christianity is true.  This class was to be different in that you’ll need to put the skills and knowledge we’ve been learning all year into practice.  If we have the truth, we should be afraid to consider the “best arguments” from the other side.

Prior to the class, I wrote out my responses, some which involved showing videos:

Best Atheist Arguments – Let’s Practice Our Responses!

  • George Carlin Comedian
    1. Boil down the objections: thinks it’s not reasonable to believe in an invisible man in the sky. Religious people believe based on blind faith. Contradiction, God loves you and God sends you to hell for breaking his list.
    2. How would you answer? First off, God Is Not an Invisible Man in the Sky. He is not a man, nor is he in the sky. The Bible describes three levels of Heaven, the Earth’s atmosphere is the first level, the universe where the stars are is the second level, and Heaven itself is the third level. God resides in heaven, although he is omnipresent. Since he is spirit, he is not physically located anywhere in space, which means he is not in the sky. Religion has not convinced us that God exists. We are convinced by several lines of evidence:
  • The argument from the beginning of the universe
  • The argument from design
  • The argument from morality
  • The resurrection of Jesus

…to name a few. The Bible says that we are to believe that there’s a Creator based on the creation, see Romans 1:20.

Regarding the Ten Commandments, God has established these laws for our good. If we choose to sin, we choose to suffer. He created us, and knows what is best for us and how we ought to live.

It is true that God is watching us, he is omniscient, and that the wages of sin is death (eternally in hell), Romans 6:23, but God offers us a free pardon, the free gift of eternal life through faith in his son. God does not send you to Hell, in a sense you send yourself there, by refusing to receive the forgiveness that he freely offers us in His Son. CS Lewis famously said, there are only two kinds of people in the end, those who say to God, thy will be done, and those to whom God says, in the end, thy will be done. All that are in Hell choose it. Without that self-choice there could be no hell. Hell is so horrific because God’s goodness is not present there, only his wrath. Most people do not understand that all good comes from God (James 1:17).

I then showed the following 2 videos to help respond to objections against hell:

 

  • Christopher Hitchens writer/critic:
    1. Boil down the objections: Miracles are not possible. If you think you’ve witnessed a miracle or if someone else has reported a miracle to you (2nd hand report), you or the other person, are most likely mistaken.
    2. How would you answer? What do you mean by “a miracle”?  Why do you think that miracles are not possible?  Have you investigated evidence for reports of miracles?  What about the resurrection of Jesus?
  • Sam Harris Philosopher, neuroscientist:
    1. Boil down the objections: God has much more to tend to (the entire universe) than one species of primate and what we do when they’re naked.
    2. How would you answer? What do you mean by God?  Have you studied the Christian view of God?
  • Rickard Dawkins Evolutionary Biologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: Faith means, belief in something without evidence, but that justifies anything.
    2. How would you answer? On what basis have you concluded that biblical faith is identified as belief without evidence?  If that were true, wouldn’t Jesus’ disciple’s faith been destroyed, since Jesus “showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive” (Acts 1:3)?  They didn’t have belief without evidence, and neither do we.  We have belief with the evidence of eyewitness testimony.  The biblical meaning of faith is not belief without evidence, but trust in Christ, based on what you know about Him.
  • Ricky Gervais actor/writer:
    1. Boil down the objections: The reason I don’t believe in God is the same reason you don’t believe in all the other gods.  It is child abuse to tell child, if they grow up gay, they’ll burn in hell.
    2. How would you answer? Have you investigated the evidence for all the other gods compared to the Christian God?  Could you name the best arguments for belief in the Christian God?  Is it your belief that most Christians tell their 5 yr old children that if they grow up gay, they’ll burn in hell?  I think that is a straw man argument.  However, why would it be “child abuse” to warn a child about hell?  If Christians believe in Jesus, when teaching children about what Jesus taught, why would we avoid His teaching on hell?  You say you have no problem with a person believing in God, if it makes them a better person or if they do good things because of it.  What about believing it because we have good evidence for the Christian God?
  • Neil DeGrasse Tyson Astrophysicist, cosmologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: The Bible’s description of the universe does not match with what we know from science (6 day creation, stars are points of light, stars can fall out of the sky, etc.)
    2. How would you answer? The Bible describes planets, stars, the sun, moon, a spherical earth that hangs on nothing in space.  It describes that the “life is in the blood”.  It describes the hydrological cycle.  The Bible gives a lot of accurate descriptions about our physical universe.  But that being said, the Bible is not a science text book.  When it speaks on matters related to science it is accurate, but we cannot expect to find exhaustive scientific information in it.Another point is that you need to understand the original language, since the Greek word for star would include anything that is a bright, luminous object in the night sky.  It would include planets, conjunction of planets, comets, supernovas or even a small moon.  So, especially with a comet, it would be reasonable to believe it could “fall from the sky”.  Also, this could represent things like nuclear bombs falling.  This is phenomenological language and language of symbolism particularly in Revelation.
  • Peter Atkins Chemist:
    1. Boil down the objections: Religions harms societies, by disfavoring evidence in favor of faith.  Religion is superstition and causes mass hysteria.
    2. How would you answer? Since I am a Christian, my answer will not address all religions, but only Christianity.  I reject your assertion that Christians disfavor evidence in favor of faith in all circumstances.  Even Jesus said to the Jews, “If I am not doing the works of My Father, then do not believe Me. But if I am doing them, even though you do not believe Me, believe the works themselves, so that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father.” (John 10:37-38) What do you mean by harm?  In what specific ways is religion harming society?  (show video “What Good is Christianity?”)
  • Steven Weinberg Theoretical Physicist:
    1. Boil down the objections: People do awful things based on religious belief, therefore religion is a bad thing.  An early example, God telling Abraham to sacrifice Isaac.
    2. How would you answer? Many people do bad things based on atheistic belief as well.  By your standard, atheism is bad too.  “It is estimated that in the past 100 years, governments under the banner of atheistic communism have caused the death of somewhere between 40,472,000 and 259,432,000 human lives.” In the case of Abraham, did he actually do anything bad in the end?  Actually, you could make a case that, based on his faith in God, he knew he wasn’t going to actually kill Isaac.  The account tells us that when Isaac asked his father where the lamb was for the sacrifice, Abraham responded that God would provide it Himself.  He also told the men that both he and Isaac would return, showing great faith. Abraham knew that God had promised that the world would be blessed through Isaac.  Hebrews tells us that Abraham figured that God could raise Abraham from the dead.  We can therefore make 3 points about this incident:
  1. First, Isaac was never actually sacrificed.
  2. Second, God’s purpose in this event was to test Abraham’s faith (Genesis 22:1)
  3. Last, Abraham passed the test with flying colors

 

  • Laurence Krauss Theoretical Physicist, cosmologist:
    1. Boil down the objections: Christians are atheists regarding all those other gods (Thor, Zeus, etc.), we atheists just believe in one less god than you.
    2. How would you answer? Show response from Andy Bannister – What’s the problem with the ‘One God Less’ argument? (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rryz-eQB0tE )
  • Sean Carrol cosmologist, Physics professor:
    1. Boil down the objections: Religion thinks science has gotten everything wrong.  There is no spirit world (materialism).  People who experience miracles are mistaken.
    2. How would you answer?
  • Matt Dillahunty Public speaker:
    1. Boil down the objections: Science can provide all the answers.  Religious people don’t have real knowledge, rather they pretend to know.
    2. How would you answer?
  • Michael Shermer Science writer, historian of science:
    1. Boil down the objections: Christians are atheists regarding all those other gods (Thor, Zeus, etc.), we atheists just believe in one less god than you.
    2. How would you answer? Show response from Andy Bannister – What’s the problem with the ‘One God Less’ argument? (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rryz-eQB0tE )

AWANA teaching on “the Fall”

Last night I had the great privilege of teaching in AWANA on “the fall” (the memory verse was Genesis 3:6).  Here is a short video I played to introduce the topic:

 

3 minutes 52 seconds – worked perfectly for the 3rd – 6th graders to introduce this topic.

Then I went on to teach the material that was in their handbooks.  At the end of the night, we had time for a Q&A session.  When starting the Q&A, I forgot to mention that the topic was to be the Bible, or the faith, so one kid asked why snow is white 🙂  I didn’t answer him, but clarified that I wanted questions on the Bible or your faith.  So, here are a few of the questions I got:

  1. Why are there so many different Bible translations? My answer to this 5th grade girl was that some people prefer a more readable translation, such as the NIV or NLT, where it sounds more like the English we speak today.  Other people want a more literal, word for word translation from the original language (e.g. NASB, ESV), which can be harder to read, but more technically accurate.
  2. Why are there “books” of the Bible, why not just one big long book or why not just Genesis & Matthew? My answer to this 4th grade boy was that the books of the Bible are typically named either for their topic (e.g. Genesis, Exodus or Revelation) or for their author (e.g. Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) or for the recipient of the writing (e.g. Romans, 1 Corinthians, Titus).
  3. Why is there an Old Testament and a New Testament? My answer to this 4th grade boy was that the Old Testament is the account of creation and of the history of nation of Israel, from which Jesus would come.  The New Testament is basically the story of Jesus, when He came to Earth.  The Old Testament is the Old Covenant and the New Testament is the New Covenant.
  4. (One of our verses from the night when talking about the fall was Romans 5:12 – “Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned”)  One kid asked why it says that sin entered the world through one man when Eve was the first one to sin by eating the fruit? I said to this 3rd grade boy that it is true that Eve was the first one to sin by eating the fruit, but in the same verse (Genesis 3:6), Adam sinned too, and our sin nature is passed down through the men (the fathers).  So, Adam passed it down to his children, and those fathers to their children, all the way to us.  That is one reason why Jesus did not have a sin nature, since he did not have an earthly father from which to inherit it.  He was born of a virgin.

It was also Dessert with Dads night, so there were a few Dads hanging around as well.  It was a great and fun night!

mid-week apologetics booster (1-18-2018)

Good morning friends,

Here are your weekly links:

  1. What Is Hinduism and Hare Krishna? This is a great chapter from the book World Religions and Cults Volume 2: https://answersingenesis.org/world-religions/what-is-hinduism-and-hare-krishna/
  2. Exclusivity Claims of Major World Religions – Christian Apologetics Alliance: http://christianapologeticsalliance.com/2017/08/02/exclusivity-claims-major-world-religions/
  3. Hinduism and other religions – creation.com: https://creation.com/hinduism-and-other-religions
  4. What Is Hinduism?: https://www.exploregod.com/what-is-hinduism
  5. Atheists embarrassed: study proves atheism uses less brain function – The American Vision: https://americanvision.org/12630/atheists-embarrassed-study-proves-atheism-uses-less-brain-function/
  6. Can A Christian Be a Communist? Sermon Delivered by Martin Luther King, Jr. at Ebenezer Baptist Church September 30, 1962: https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/king-papers/documents/can-christian-be-communist-sermon-delivered-ebenezer-baptist-church
  7. I Was Denied Service Because of the Company’s Values, and I’m OK With That: http://dailysignal.com/2018/01/10/denied-service-companys-values-im-ok
  8. U.S. Religious Knowledge Quiz | Pew Research Center: http://www.pewforum.org/quiz/u-s-religious-knowledge/
  9. Why It’s Hard for Muslims to Convert | Stand to Reason: https://www.str.org/blog/why-its-hard-muslims-convert#.WlvwKainGUk
  10. Please stop saying Faith is belief without evidence: http://www.travisdickinson.com/please-stop-saying-faith-belief-without-evidence/
  11. Core Christianity | 6 Things We Need to Know about the Formation of the Bible: https://corechristianity.com/resource-library/articles/6-things-we-need-to-know-about-the-formation-of-the-bible
  12. The Galileo ‘twist’ – creation.com: https://creation.com/the-galileo-twist
  13. Doctrine of Christ Part 39: The Work of Christ (32) – Facts of the Resurrection – YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mDAxa1xQyd4
  14. 3 Failed Naturalistic Attempts at Explaining Consciousness – Sean McDowell: http://seanmcdowell.org/blog/3-failed-naturalistic-attempts-at-explaining-consciousness
  15. Why Does God Allow Natural Evil? – YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MdJQLDzWjZU

But if we judged ourselves, we would not come under judgment. When we are judged by the Lord, we are being disciplined so that we will not be condemned with the world. So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for each other. 1 Corinthians 11:31-33

Blessings to you all

Apologetics Class 1/14/2018

Today in the Apologetics Class, we watched a video lecture by Dr. Jason Lisle on Evolution and Logical Fallacies:

Here was the note-taking form I handed out:

Evolution and Logical Fallacies – Dr. Jason Lisle (1-14-2018)

  1. The Christian has a moral obligation to be r__________, to think God’s thoughts after Him.
  2. Most Christians don’t know how to identify logical fallacies, and to point them out.
  3. It’s embarrassing when you hear someone advocating your position, but they do it p__________
  4. Logic, the study of the principles of correct and incorrect reasoning.
  5. Knowing logic will revolutionize the way that you d_____________ the faith.
  6. Proposition, a statement that a_________ or d_________ something and is either true or false.
  7. Argument, a group of prepositions where the truth or one is claimed to f_____ from the others.
  8. Although we’re to argue for the faith and contend for the faith, we’re not to be a_____________ or c______________.
  9. Deductive syllogism, where you have two premises and the conclusion.
  10. The claim being demonstrated is the conclusion.
  11. The other statements which provide support our premises.
  12. Logical fallacy, a common error in the c__________ of r____________________.
  13. A fallacy would be when the conclusion does not f_____________ from the premises.
  14. Whenever you have true premises and a false conclusion, it’s definitely a fallacy.
  15. Logical fallacies tend to be p_______________.
  16. An argument is it valid if the conclusion does follow from the premises.
  17. An argument is invalid if the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
  18. There are 2 ways that an argument can be bad:
    1. An e___________ in the chain of reasoning, a fallacy.
    2. A false p_____________.
  19. Even an invalid argument can, by a________________, have a true conclusion.
  20. Two kinds of logic’
    1. D___________ Argument, the conclusion is definitely true if the premises are true.
  1. It is either valid or invalid, sound or unsound
    1. I____________ argument, the conclusion is likely to be true if the premises are true.
  1. It is either strong or weak
  1. Informal Logical Fallacies (Ordinary Language) – 3 categories:
    1. Fallacies of A_____________ – Equivocation, Amphiboly, Accent, Division, Composition, Reification.  There is something unclear or vague in the argument.
    2. Fallacies of P______________ – Sweeping Generalization, Hasty Generalization, Bifurcation, Begging the Question, Question Begging Epithet, Complex Question, “No True Scotsman”, Special Pleading, False Analogy, False Cause, Slippery Slope.  The argument assumes something that is unwarranted.
    3. Fallacies of R_______________ – Genetic Fallacy, Abusive ad Hominem, Circumstantial ad Hominem, “Straw Man”, Irrelevant Thesis, Appeal to (Authority, Ignorance). Where the conclusion is not strongly related to the premises.
  2. Equivocation – the fallacy of sh_____ the meaning of a word within an argument (bait & switch)
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  3. Reification – attributing concrete (and often p_____________) characteristics to an abstraction.
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  4. Bifurcation – (false dilemma, “either-or fallacy”) – falsely assuming only ___ exclusive options
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  5. Begging the Question-(circular reasoning) the conclusion of an argument is incorporated into premises or a premise d________ on the conclusion. This fallacy is actually “valid”, but arbitrary.
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  6. Question-begging Epithet-using b____ language to support conclusion that is logically unproved
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  7. Complex Question-phrasing a question such that it a______________ the conclusion.
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  8. No True Scotsman-protecting claim from c__________-argument by defining term in biased way
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  9. Ad Hominem Fallacy-when an argument is directed against a p______ rather than their p_____
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  10. Irrelevant Thesis-when an argument proves a point that is n___ at i___________
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
    Fallacy of Irrelevant Thesis can be answered by this response: True, perhaps.  But i___________
  11. Straw-man-an argument against a mis____________ (rather than actual) of opponent’s position
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  12. Faulty Appeals-when person appeals to something/someone in way not relevant to the c______
    Examples:______________________________________________________________________
  13. Deductive logic: Propositional Logic: If-then, And, Or, Not
  14. Mixed hypothetical Syllogism (these are valid):
    1. if p then q, p, therefore q (affirming the antecedent)
    2. if p then q, ~q, therefore ~p (denying the consequent)
  15. Formal Fallacies (Mixed hypothetical Syllogisms which are invalid):
    1. If p then q, ~p, therefore ~q (denying the antecedent)
      Examples:________________________________________________________________
    2. If p then q, q, therefore p (affirming the consequent) – most common committed
      Examples:________________________________________________________________
      ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  16. Pointing out logical fallacies to evolutionists take the w____________ out of their sails.

 

Discussion Questions

  1. Have you heard any of these logical fallacies committed? If so, where (e.g. TV, Political debates, during witnessing situations, etc.)?
  2. Have you tried to point out incorrect use of logic to another? What was their reaction?
  3. Have you, yourself, committed any of these fallacies?
  4. Do you agree that arguing in a way that commits fallacies is a bad thing?
  5. Which is the hardest fallacy to spot?
  6. How can you point out a fallacy, while still upholding the 2nd part of 1 Peter 3:15 (“with gentleness and respect”)?

 

 

mid-week apologetics booster (1-11-2018)

Good morning friends,

Here are your weekly links:

  1. Nine Early Church Fathers Who Taught Jesus Is God | Stand to Reason: https://www.str.org/blog/nine-early-church-fathers-who-taught-jesus-god#.Wk4XYt-nGUk
  2. Biblical Archaeology’s Top 10 Discoveries of 2017 | Christianity Today: http://www.christianitytoday.com/news/2017/december/biblical-archaeology-top-10-discoveries-2017-israel.html
  3. Progressive Christianity Is As Much Of A Threat To Your Kids’ Faith As Atheism: http://prophecynewswatch.com/article.cfm?recent_news_id=1909
  4. Top-10 Challenges Facing American Christianity in 2018 | Bellator Christi: https://bellatorchristi.com/2018/01/03/top-10-challenges-facing-american-christianity-in-2018/
  5. Caste violence erupts in India over 200-year-old fault line – not really an apologetics article, but related to Hinduism and the Caste system and interesting: https://www.ksat.com/news/international/caste-violence-erupts-in-india-over-200yearold-faultline
  6. Does Science Rule Out a First Human Pair? Geneticist Richard Buggs Says No: http://www.biologicinstitute.org/post/169254791759/does-science-rule-out-a-first-human-pair?utm_content=buffera90ba&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer
  7. Yes, Women Need Apologetics, But More Importantly, Apologetics Needs Women: http://crossexamined.org/yes-women-need-apologetics-importantly-apologetics-needs-women/
  8. How Do We Communicate with Winsome Persuasion in our Hostile Culture? – Sean McDowell: http://seanmcdowell.org/blog/how-do-you-communicate-with-winsome-persuasion-in-our-hostile-culture
  9. Atheist Actor Andrew Garfield Falls in Love With Jesus During the Making of Silence: https://faithit.com/andrew-garfield-finds-jesus-in-acting/
  10. Why I Wish Christians Would Argue MORE (No, Seriously): https://churchleaders.com/pastors/pastor-articles/301281-wish-christians-argue-no-seriously-trevin-wax.html
  11. A Little Bit of Religion is a Good Thing But Don’t Take it Too Seriously?: http://www.cltruth.com/2018/a-little-bit-of-religion-is-a-good-thing-but-dont-take-it-too-seriously/
  12. Jesus Is A Myth, Just Like President Kennedy | Cold Case Christianity: http://coldcasechristianity.com/2016/jesus-is-a-myth-just-like-president-kennedy/
  13. The Triunity of God: http://pleaseconvinceme.com/2013/the-triunity-of-god-2/
  14. The Difference Between Belief That and Belief In – YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCoaYAovZAE
  15. Deepak Chopra vs Christian Apologist – The most prominent teacher of mysticism and New Age philosophy in the West Deepak Chopra goes toe to toe with Christian apologist Greg Koukl on Lee Strobel’s show “Faith under Fire”. This episode called “The Future of Faith” aired in 2005: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=meYHmFz33NE
  16. Top 10 Reasons our Kids Leave Church | Marc5Solas: https://marc5solas.wordpress.com/2013/02/08/top-10-reasons-our-kids-leave-church/
  17. Testimonials showing the part William Lane Craig’s apologetics teaching had in people’s conversion to Christ | Reasonable Faith: https://www.reasonablefaith.org/testimonials
  18. 2015-An Open Letter on Climate Change to the People, their Local Representatives, the State Legislatures and Governors, the Congress, and the President of the United States of America: http://cornwallalliance.org/climateletter2015/
  19. Correcting a cultist with truth and grace – creation.com: https://creation.com/correcting-cultist
  20. Worldview Flows from Heart and Mind Apologetics for the Church: https://apolotheo.wordpress.com/2016/10/28/worldview-flows-from-heart-and-mind/
  21. 5 Reasons You Should Get Apologetics Training in 2018 – Sean McDowell: http://seanmcdowell.org/blog/5-reasons-you-should-get-apologetics-training
  22. Answering Questions about Gene Editing Technologies: http://reasons.org/explore/blogs/theorems-theory/read/theorems-theory/2018/01/04/answering-questions-about-gene-editing-technologies
  23. Confessions of a Former Atheist | Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/world-religions/atheism/confessions-of-a-former-atheist/

David said to Saul, “Let no one lose heart on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight him.” Saul replied, “You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a boy, and he has been a fighting man from his youth.” But David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock, I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth. When it turned on me, I seized it by its hair, struck it and killed it. Your servant has killed both the lion and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God. The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you.” Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head. David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used to them. “I cannot go in these,” he said to Saul, “because I am not used to them.” So he took them off. Then he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine. Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer in front of him, kept coming closer to David. He looked David over and saw that he was only a boy, ruddy and handsome, and he despised him. He said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. “Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field! ” David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the LORD Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. This day the LORD will hand you over to me, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. Today I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the LORD saves; for the battle is the LORD’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.” As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground. So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him. David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine’s sword and drew it from the scabbard. After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. Then the men of Israel and Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gath and to the gates of Ekron. Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim road to Gath and Ekron. When the Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they plundered their camp. David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem, and he put the Philistine’s weapons in his own tent. 1 Samuel 17:32-54

Blessings to you all

Apologetics Class 1/7/2018

Today in the Apologetics class, we watched a video by Alan Shlemon called “Tactics for Defending the Faith”:

Here is the note-taking form I created and handed out:

Tactics for Defending the Faith – Alan Shlemon (1/7/2018)

  1. Conversation with a Hindu, who was a “religious pluralist” (believes that all religions are t____).
  2. What Alan didn’t do in that conversation:
    1. Didn’t tell him he was w__________
    2. Didn’t tell him religious pluralism was f_________
    3. Didn’t d___________ any aspect of his own Christian convictions
  3. Was able to convince him that he should a_____________ the idea of religious pluralism
  4. The only thing he did in that conversation was ask q_________________
  5. Learning how to use questions in order to make your case.
  6. We are all a______________________s for Christ (2 Corinthians 5:20)
  7. 3 characteristics every ambassador for Christ should have:
    1. K______________: an accurately informed mind
    2. W_____________ : an artful method
    3. C______________: an attractive manner
  8. If you learn tactics, you will be able to
    1. P_______________ the truth clearly and cleverly.
    2. Choreograph your i_________________.
    3. S_____________ an aggressive challenger in their tracks and turn the tables.
    4. Recognize someone’s b_______ t______________ for the purposes of guiding them to the truth, yet remaining g______________ and c_______________.
  9. Tactics should not be used as.
    1. T_______________.
    2. Empty rh_______________.
    3. Clever Pl____________.
    4. Attempts to belittle or h______________.
  10. These tactics are powerful and a__________________ quite easily.
  11. The goal is to guide people g___________ to the truth while remaining gracious and charitable.
  12. When I think about talking to non-believers about my Christian faith:
    1. I relish the encounter.
    2. I’m willing, but nervous, uncertain, or scared.
    3. I tried to avoid it.
  13. If you are a number two, what are some of the reasons?
    1. I’m not k______________________ enough.
    2. I’m afraid of r___________________.
    3. I might l__________ my job.
    4. Not enough t___________ to address what I really want to address.
    5. Concerned about physical th______________
  14. The Columbo tactic, at its very core is about using q______________ rather than st_____________ in order to be able to make your point, or to respond to an objection.
  15. What are some of Benefits of using questions in conversations?
    1. Questions are e_______________g.
    2. Questions allow you to have c___________________.
    3. Questions don’t paint people into a corner, making them feel trapped, but rather allow them to e________________ their opinion.
    4. You l_________________ a lot about the person you are talking to.
  16. There are 2 applications of the Columbo tactic.
    1. The first kind of question helps you g_______ information. “What do you mean by that?” This question tells you what a person thinks. Consider the following assertions:
  1. “All religions are basically the same”
  2. “The Bible isn’t reliable”
  • “I’m pro-choice”
  1. “Evolution is a well proven fact.”
  2. “Stem-cell research should be allowed”
    1. The 2nd Columbo question helps you r_____ the burden of p____.  “How did you come to that conclusion?”  Tells you why they think the way they do. Consider these statements:
  1. “The Bible has been translated and re-translated…”
  2. “Jesus taught reincarnation after travelling to India”
  • “The universe came into existence by itself”
  1. “The Bible is full of fables and myths”
  2. “Every living thing came from a single-celled life form”
  3. “Science has proven the Bible wrong”
  1. How do you define an a________?  A claim with evidence or reasons to back it up.  Like a house.
  2. Burden of proof: the responsibility someone has to give e___________ or reasons for their view.  Rule: whoever makes the cl___________ bears the burden of proof.
  3. The “Professor’s Ploy” – reverses the burden of proof back on you…
  4. Don’t Worry If You Don’t Know Where To Go Next (like if you meet an “expert”):
    1. Acknowledge their p__________________
    2. Ask if you can get b_____________ to them
    3. R_______________ the question (e.g. www.str.org)
    4. Get back to them: “I was th_______g about what you said and it occurred to me that…”
  5. “The more you sweat in tr____________________, the less you bleed in battle”
  6. Don’t be discouraged by “outward ap_________________”
  7. Don’t feel compelled to present the Gospel in e______________ conversation
  8. Make it a goal to “put a st____________ in their shoe”
  9. “God has not called me to be S__________. He called me to be F__________.”  – Mother Teresa

Discussion Questions

  1. What are the main reasons you don’t share your faith more often?
  2. What is the best way to start a spiritual conversation?
  3. How will using the tactical approach change your interactions with unbelievers?
  4. What are the 3 characteristics an ambassador for Christ should have? Why are they important?
  5. Are Tactics just clever ploys or tricks? Why or why not?
  6. Explain “reversing the burden of proof”. Why is it important that we do this?
  7. What objection have you heard against that Christian faith that you couldn’t answer? How could you apply a tactical approach to that challenge?
  8. Have you encountered an “expert” (e.g. evolution) where you couldn’t counter the argument?

mid-week apologetics booster (1-4-2018)

Good morning friends,

Here are your weekly links:

  1. When sceptics convert: 3 former atheists walking the path of CS Lewis: https://www.premierchristianity.com/Past-Issues/2017/April-2017/When-sceptics-convert-3-former-atheists-walking-the-path-of-CS-Lewis
  2. The Case for the Historicity and Deity of Jesus (Free Bible Insert) | Cold Case Christianity: http://coldcasechristianity.com/2017/the-case-for-the-historicity-and-deity-of-jesus/
  3. The Challenges Facing Young Christians | Cold Case Christianity: http://coldcasechristianity.com/2017/the-challenges-facing-young-christians/
  4. Historical References to Christ From Non-Biblical Authors Free Thinking Ministries: http://freethinkingministries.com/historical-references-to-christ-from-non-biblical-authors/
  5. My 5 Favorite Arguments for Gods Existence Free Thinking Ministries: http://freethinkingministries.com/my-5-favorite-arguments-for-gods-existence/
  6. Lawyer Explains Why Belief In God Is Not Childish | Reasons for Jesus: http://reasonsforjesus.com/lawyer-explains-why-belief-in-god-is-not-childish/
  7. 7 New Year’s Resolutions Every Christian Parent Should Have: http://christianmomthoughts.com/7-new-years-resolutions-every-christian-parent-should-have/
  8. Theology of Exercise | Christianity For Everyone: http://www.christianityforeveryone.org/theology-of-exercise/
  9. Miracle in Amagansett, June2001 | Eric Metaxas: http://ericmetaxas.com/writing/essays/miracle-amagansett-june-2001/
  10. How I Learned the Difference Between Belief THAT and Belief IN | Cold Case Christianity: http://coldcasechristianity.com/2017/how-i-learned-the-difference-between-belief-that-and-belief-in/
  11. Pro-Life at Google: http://www.breakpoint.org/2017/12/pro-life-google-2/
  12. How Christians Can Take Back Their Minds Douglas Groothuis, Ph.D.: https://douglasgroothuis.com/2017/12/28/how-christians-can-take-back-their-minds/
  13. Do creationists cherry-pick discordant dates? – CMI Mobile: http://creation.mobi/do-creationists-cherry-pick-discordant-dates
  14. 6 Things You Can Tell Your Kids When Trying to Explain Pain and Suffering in Our World – Christian Businesses Article By Family Focus: https://www.midlandscbd.com/articles/6-things-you-can-tell-your-kids-when-trying-to-explain-pain-and-suffering-in-our-world-6706
  15. Is The Doctrine Of The Incarnation Coherent?: http://crossexamined.org/doctrine-incarnation-coherent/
  16. Did Adam and Eve Really Exist? What Does the Science Say? – Alisa Childers: https://www.alisachilders.com/blog/did-adam-and-eve-really-exist-what-does-the-science-say
  17. The New Origin of Species | Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/charles-darwin/new-origin-species/
  18. No, Dr. Janssen, Human Beings Are Not Trying to Find God | Stand to Reason: https://www.str.org/blog/no-dr-janssen-human-beings-are-not-trying-find-god#.WkjZT9-nGUm
  19. Being A Good Apologist Is More Than Knowing The Right Answers: http://cerebralfaith.blogspot.mx/2017/10/being-good-apologist-is-more-than.html
  20. Solid Answers on Soft Tissue | Answers in Genesis: https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/when-did-dinosaurs-live/solid-answers-soft-tissue/
  21. Six Enemies of Apologetic Engagement – bethinking.org: https://www.bethinking.org/apologetics/six-enemies-of-apologetic-engagement
  22. Preparing to Give an Answer – bethinking.org: https://www.bethinking.org/apologetics/preparing-to-answer
  23. This Theologian Has An Answer To Claims That Evil Disproves God: http://thefederalist.com/2018/01/03/theologian-answer-new-atheists-claims-existence-evil-disproves-gods/
  24. Why Did The Washington Post Tweet A Debunked Hit Piece On Jesus?: http://thefederalist.com/2018/01/03/washington-post-tweet-debunked-hit-piece-jesus/
  25. Ex-Lesbian Talks Leaving Behind ‘Super Wild’ Lifestyle With Women, Turning to Jesus in Viral Video: https://www.christianpost.com/news/ex-lesbian-talks-leaving-behind-super-wild-lifestyle-women-turning-to-jesus-video-212202/

“No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth on an old garment. If he does, the new piece will pull away from the old, making the tear worse. And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. No, he pours new wine into new wineskins.” Mark 2:21-22

Blessings to you all